TOC Americas consists of three conference tracks:
Supply Chain Transformation and Innovation
Seizing the opportunities in the changing global economy
TOC Americas for the first time in its history will take place in Lima, Peru in 2017. As always, TOC Americas always prides itself in selecting the most important locations to host the regions premier event for people of own, move and handle containerised cargo and this year’s edition is no exception as we host the show in Latins Americas leading and most exciting locations.
Peru, continues to be one of the fastest-growing economies in Latin America! The Peruvian economy is expected to grow by about 4 per cent this year and next—and chances are this figure could be even higher. The Central Reserve Bank (BCR) projected Peru will continue to lead the economic growth in Latin America for 2017. How? By building on the robust policy framework that has served this country well over the past two decades. By unleashing the creative energy of a young and fast-growing labour force. And by pressing ahead with economic reforms that will allow Peru to diversify its economy and catch up with high-income peers.
The story of the Peru’s economic success and the theme for TOC Americas are closely intertwined. Peru has made a remarkable journey over recent decades and stands today proud to be able to showcase its economic and social achievements where income has tripled and global exports have seen a nine-fold increase because of good macroeconomic policies and booming commodity trade, combined with a better investment climate and stronger social protection programs. As the IMF stated in 2016 when discussing the importance of the Peruvian economy and how it now stands to “…seize the opportunities of changing global economy”.
The future of the Latin American Market and the impact of Trump
On November 8th 2016, Donald Trump was elected the 45th President of the United States. His election consisted of a heavy rhetoric of opposition to a number of free trade policies including intentions to withdraw the United States from the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) and negotiate the terms of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) to get a better deal. These trade deals have underpinned worldwide economic policies for the past few decades.
The Trump plan to “…double our growth and have the strongest economy anywhere in the world” brings with it an obvious uncertainty that the US economy can go in both positive and negative directions. To Supercharge economic growth to 4 per cent per year and create 25 million new jobs over the next decade Trump has already signed orders to tear up the Trans-Pacific Partnership trade deal and renegotiate the North American Free Trade Agreement. He has also pledged to scrap environmental and financial regulation, put up tariff barriers, slash taxes and instigate a massive infrastructure spending spree.
The biggest undercurrent to this campaign is a refocus of Government spending towards American infrastructure and away from the Obama globalisation agenda.
Although there were no detailed foreign policy details towards Latin America, two of the key topics of the Trump campaign – trade and immigration – are likely to dominate the agenda across the whole continent.
Latin America’s economic downturn seems finally to have bottomed out. Positive, if modest, growth is forecast for this year. But as the region recovers from the end of the commodity super cycle, a new threat is weighing on growth prospects: protectionism and economic nationalism.
The prospects that a Trump presidency might be both protectionist and in favour of a substantial fiscal expansion has altered expectations for U.S. monetary policy. Therefore, weakness is looming on the horizon for several currencies in the region, raising risks to a further tightening of monetary policy across the board.
Transforming supply chains
Supply chains in coming years will become even more “networked” than they are today — with significant portions of strategic assets and core capabilities externally sourced and coordinated. Powered by digital advances continue to reduce communication and coordination costs, companies will find it easier and more efficient to secure external solutions rather than inventing solutions in-house. Second, companies will find it increasingly challenging to sustain best-in-class internal supply chain competencies across a diverse set of emerging digital technologies that range from the “Internet of Things” to sophisticated artificial intelligence algorithms.
The whole container supply chain model is set for some fundamental change. Recent news that both Maersk Line and CMA CGM have signed deals with China’s online giant Alibaba presages interesting times ahead for business relationships, roles and revenue in the new digital global container trade economy. Add in the announcement that CMA CGM and COSCO will leverage the Ocean Alliance to “reinforce their strategic cooperation on port operations and investments”, plus strong moves by terminal operator groups including DP World into logistics, and the traditional demarcation lines between shipper, logistics provider, carrier and port start to get very blurred.
Companies across the spectrum of the industry continue to monitor the new disruptive digital players that are out there and reshape and redesign the container supply chains that we have come to know. The combination of cloud, social media, mobile and big data are delivering immense opportunities. And that’s before even considering the plethora of new disruptive digital players out to reshape “business as usual.” That includes a raft of new ‘click and collect’ ocean freight booking platforms, and Uber-like truck capacity management initiatives from non-conventional players such as Amazon, which is increasingly focused on logistics and transport.
Digital transformation needs a long-term view and should create a culture which embraces change and innovation.
Today’s digitally-connected world has drastically changed consumer expectations. That same connectivity, coupled with important advancements in technology, is poised to reshape the manufacturing industry, driving a fourth industrial revolution that many are calling industry 4.0.
Supply Chain Risk
In today’s complex supply chains, the industry finds itself vulnerable to a multiple of risks. Rising numbers of cross border movement of people, information and goods are bringing with it increased volatility and potential for disruption.
Cargo theft is emerging as one of the principal illicit revenue streams of organized crime groups. These thefts are no longer a single event with one or two people seizing an opportunity but are now performed in a well organised and professional manner. Pharmaceuticals, cigarettes, meat, alcohol and other drinks, as well as appliances are the most frequently targeted cargo. Food and beverage commodities remained the most stolen category of cargo in 2016, alcoholic beverages, meat products, and non-alcoholic beverages were the most stolen items, respectively. Electronics items were the next most stolen commodity
In Latin America in particular the risk of cargo theft, counterfeit and manifested cargo is rated severe in Mexico, Venezuela, Colombia, Peru, Brazil and Argentina and is multi-million-pound issue for the supply chain.
Disruption to supply chains not only increases business costs but leads to dissatisfied customers and a tarnished brand image. Although the risks associated with disruption cannot be eliminated, their impact can be reduced.
The global refer market continues to navigate through a sea of uncertainty in 2017 and this is likely to continue for some time. Ports, carriers, and cold storage providers continue to invest in infrastructure, equipment, technology, and personnel, all aimed at supporting the reefer market. But the market continues to be plagued by carrier consolidation and low rates threaten to erode service and performance, and worries the isolationist and more protectionist policy being pursued by the United States are creating continued uncertainty cargo owners.
Latest figures from Drewry Shipping Consultants indicate that reefer container ships are likely to grow by 20 percent over the next three years. Population growth and the demand for perishable products, changing in eating habits are ensuring the demand for seaborne refrigerated products keep growing.
At this year’s TOC Americas conference, sessions will look at the modernisation needed for terminals and other infrastructure and the pursuing opportunities presented the expanding cold service chain.
Despite continued setbacks with the South American economy -- the Brazilian real was down 40% versus the US dollar since the beginning of the year, the Colombian peso was down 31%, the Chilean peso 17%, the Argentine peso 15%, and the Peruvian nuevo sol 14% - a feared drop in dry and liquid bulk shipping volumes to and from the continent has yet to materialise. As Drewry noted in its outlook for 2017, “the dry bulk shipping market has bottomed out and recovery is underway”. The big question is how long will this take until it reaches the levels seen 5 years ago and is there anything that can be done to speed this process up.
The plunge in South American currencies has yet to dissuade the continent’s national oil companies. South American countries imported 859,000 barrels/day (bpd) of petroleum products from the United States and the continent is also importing more LNG. According to IHS Energy, Latin American LNG imports totalled 4.2 million tonnes in 3Q15, up 6%
On the export front, the fear is that China will curb purchasing of South American commodities. However, the latest volume data does not show a negative trend for shipping, whether it is iron-ore cargoes from Brazil, copper from Chile, or agribulk from Argentina and Brazil. Overall, the data implies that the slowdown in commodity trades is having much more of an effect on pricing, which affects commodity sellers, than on volume, which affects shipping demand.
Overall, the data implies that the slowdown in commodity trades is having much more of an effect on pricing, which affects commodity sellers, than on volume, which affects shipping demand.
The annual TECH TOC seminar at TOC Americas 2017 brings together terminal operators and users with planners and designers, equipment and technology providers to discuss current industry challenges and innovative responses.
As container terminals face a perfect storm of big ships, carrier consolidation and lower growth, the focus this year will be on how to cut waste, boost efficiency and build resilient, adaptive, constantly-improving operations. Creative use of technology to save money and time, plus how to collaborate (digitally and otherwise) with customers, cargo owners and landside supply chain operators will be explored in a series of focused, free-to-attend debates, presentations and workshops.
• Automation, Digitisation and Innovation
• Cargo Safety
• Port Productivity and Operational Excellence
• Ship to Shore Operations
• Energy Reduction and Clean Technologies
• Technology Specifications
New to TOC Americas 2017
The TOC Americas Conference App: Participants at the conference will benefit from a bespoke conference app which allows attendees to put questions directly to panel anonymously and help create and all information at their fingertips
Interactive panel and roundtable discussions: Hear from the whole supply chain from cargo to ports on day 1 of the conference which will culminate in an informative and interactive roundtable discussion
One Port Tour – Two Terminals: A two terminal tour of the Port of Callao as attendee will be able to visit both APM Terminals Callao and DP World Callao terminals.
Comprehensive networking programme: Port tour, ice-breaker drinks reception hosted by DP World Callao, a spectacular gala dinner on day 1, a party hosted by the Dutch Embassy on day 2 and premium buffet lunches throughout.